Author Archives: Dr. Vishal Singh

Blood Substitutes

Blood Substitutes Blood is a special type of connective tissue that is composed of white[...]


Biotransformation Biotransformation is the process whereby a substance is changed from one chemical to another[...]

Alternatives to animal experiments

Alternatives to animal experiments Zebra fish (embryology studies), C elegans, Drosophila (Parkinson), pond snail. Animal[...]

Adaptive study designs

Adaptive study designs Background development of a new drugà huge expenses are involved à long[...]

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin and hydroxocobalamin are complex cobalt containing compounds present in the diet and[...]

Antidiuretics Hormone (Arginine Vasopressin-AVP) and Drugs

Antidiuretics Hormone (Argenine Vasopressin-AVP) inhibit water excretion without affecting salt excretion à drugs that reduce[...]

Urinary incontinence in men

Urinary incontinence in men Bladder dysfunction, also referred to as voiding dysfunction, is a general[...]

Antitubercular Drugs

Antitubercular Drugs chronic granulomatous disease and a major health problem in developing countries. About 1/3rd[...]

Total Parenteral Nutrition

Total Parenteral Nutrition Parenteral Nutrition  is pharmacological therapy, where nutrients, vitamins, electrolytes and medications are[...]

UTERINE STIMULANTS – Abortifacients & UTERINE RELAXANTS – tocolytics

UTERINE STIMULANTS — Abortifacients These drugs increase uterine contractions and are known as oxytocics or[...]